Category Archives: Social cycle

Economic Liberation

The following was authored by Shrii Sarkar in 1959 as part of the two-part Human Society series. For clarification on the various psycho-social classes mentioned in the article, please see Shrii Sarkar's discourse on the dynamics of the social cycle and related material on this site.

By Shrii Prabhat Rainjan Sarkar

The subservient intellectuals employ all their intellectual power to …

The Sarkar Game


This is an action learning process that introduces participants to the Social Cycle and its holistic perspective of social change. It was created in 2004 by Peter Hayward and Joseph Voros of the Strategic Foresight Institute at Swinburne University of Technology in Australia. Their colleague, Sohail Inayatullah, has successfully used this technique in hundreds of workshops with professionals. In an …

Prabhat Rainjan Sarkar’s Social Cycles, World Unity and Peace

Renaissance 2000 Honoring Sarkar’s 75th Anniversary

By Johan Galtung, dr hc mult, Professor of Peace Studies;
Universitaet Witten/Herdecke, European Peace University,
Universitetet i Tromsoe; Director, TRANSCEND: A Peace Network

We are honoring a great thinker and a great practitioner. I have chosen to honor him as a great macro-historian, focusing on his theory of social cycles and their implications for …

Managing the Fall of Capitalism: A Prout Perspective

By Ronald Logan
In capitalist dominated economic markets, the theory is that entrepreneurs, desiring their own profit and competing with each other, will inspire higher quality work so that superior goods and services will flourish. This system originated as an advance in the functioning of medieval village economies. In a village, let us say, there is one cobbler; and then …

Visions for Global Justice through the Lens of Sarkar’s Social Cycle

Josh Floyd, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia
From Journal of Futures Studies, February 2005, 9(3): 47 – 60


“We know what you are against, but what are you for?” This is the now familiar retort by supporters of free market economic globalisation used to counter the Global Justice Movement’s dissent.1 While some participants in the movement dismiss this, …

Proletarian Revolution and Post-capitalist Society

spirevP. R. Sarkar
The inevitable consequence of capitalist exploitation is proletariat revolution. When capitalists, maddened with excessive greed, lose their common sense completely and bid farewell to humanism totally, it is time for proletariat revolution to burst forth. But it will be futile to expect it just because of the ripe time. For this, conditions relating to place and person …

The Place of Spiritual Revolutionaries in the Social Cycle

P.R. Sarkar
Those spiritual revolutionaries who work to achieve progressive changes for human elevation on a well-thought, pre-planned basis, whether in the physical, metaphysical or spiritual sphere, by adhering to the principles of Yama and Niyama, are sadvipras.

The principles of Yama are ahiḿsá, satya, asteya, aparigraha and Brahmacarya. Ahiḿsá means not causing suffering to any harmless creature …